A final point about letter-name knowledge: it is often noted that letter-name knowledge in preschool and kindergarten is a strong predictor of children’s later literacy achievement. This is true, but it is not because letter-name knowledge is an even-close-to-sufficient contributor to actual reading or writing. It is helpful, but some children learn to read knowing only letter sounds—no letter names. The predictive power of letter names lies largely in the fact that it is a proxy for other things. Children who know letter names early are more likely to have experienced a substantial emphasis on print literacy in the home and to have attended a strong preschool, for example, which in turn increase the likelihood of higher later reading and writing achievement. Naming letters is only one facet of letter knowledge, and probably not even the most important one. It is the application of letter-sound knowledge that advances children’s reading and spelling.
English has absorbed many words from other languages throughout its history, usually without changing the spelling of those words. As a result, the written form of English includes the spelling patterns of many languages (Old English, Old Norse, Norman French, Classical Latin and Greek, as well as numerous modern languages) superimposed upon one another.[7] These overlapping spelling patterns mean that in many cases the same sound can be spelled differently and the same spelling can represent different sounds. However, the spelling patterns usually follow certain conventions.[8] In addition, the Great Vowel Shift, a historical linguistic process in which the quality of many vowels in English changed while the spelling remained as it was, greatly diminished the transparency of English spelling in relation to pronunciation.
Ini salah satu pertanyaan berulang dari teman-teman yang penasaran, gimana caranya saya yang bukan Native English Speaker bisa ngajarin anak-anak kami membaca, menulis, berbicara (yg ini juga didukung pembiasaan, di rumah kita pakai bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa utama dan suami wna but not native English speaker juga lho, he’s Danish!, but to tell the truth, dulunya suami kerjanya di LN terpisah dari kita-kita (anak dan istri) yang seringan di Indonesia).
Reading difficulty is one of the major problems faced by dyslexic children. Reading skill is the most crucial ability as it is required in the upper level of discovery of knowledge. In this research, Phonic Reading Technique and Multisensory Approach are blended with interactive multimedia, which incorporates multimedia elements such as text, graphics, video, and animation. The manner of applying those techniques in “Bijak Membaca” is discussed. The contents of this application are specifically designed to visualize letters, words, sentences, and pronunciations in the Malay language for dyslexics, aged 7-8 years, with awareness of their characteristics. In order to evaluate the design of its content, heuristic testing is conducted among multimedia lecturers and IT undergraduates. The result reveals that the contents are well designed with the inclusion of Phonic Reading Technique, Multisensory Approach, and suitable multimedia elements. It is also concluded as interesting, user-friendly, attractive, valuable, and supportive.
Kim Burnim: Of course. The letter c, for example, sometimes stands for the same sound as the letter k, as in the word “cat,” and sometimes stands for the same sound as the letter s, as in the word “city.” The most common sound for the letter c is the “k” sound, so that’s what we teach children first. Another example is the letter a—sometimes it represents the short a sound, as in the word “cap,” and sometimes it represents the long a sound, as in the word cape. We usually teach the short a sound first, because that’s more common, and then teach the long a sound later on.
The need to explicitly teach letter-sound relationships in U.S. classrooms is settled science.1 However, too often such instruction is not provided in the most efficient or effective way. These instructional missteps mean that fewer children will develop strong word-reading skills. In addition, ineffective phonics instruction is likely to require more class time and/or later compensatory intervention, taking time away from the growth of other important contributors to literacy development. We have encountered many dozens, if not hundreds, of phonics faux pas. In this article, we focus on seven in early reading instruction that deserve our serious attention.
Bijak Membaca - Applying Phonic Reading Technique and Multisensory Approach with Interactive Multimedia for Dyslexia Children Siti Zulaiha Ahmad, Nik Noor Amalina Amirah Nik Ludin, Hawa Mohd Ekhsan, Arifah Fasha Rosmani, Mohammad Hafiz Ismail Department of Computer Science Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences Universiti Teknologi MARA, 02600 Arau, Perlis sitizulaiha@perlis.uitm.edu.my Abstract— Reading difficulty is one of the major problems faced by dyslexic children. Reading skill is the most crucial ability as it is required in the upper level of discovery of knowledge. In this research, Phonic Reading Technique and Multisensory Approach are blended with interactive multimedia, which incorporates multimedia elements such as text, graphics, video, and animation. The manner of applying those techniques in “Bijak Membaca” is discussed. The contents of this application are specifically designed to visualize letters, words, sentences, and pronunciations in the Malay language for dyslexics, aged 7 – 8 years, with awareness of their characteristics. In order to evaluate the design of its content, heuristic testing is conducted among multimedia lecturers and IT undergraduates. The result reveals that the contents are well designed with the inclusion of Phonic Reading Technique, Multisensory Approach, and suitable multimedia elements. It is also concluded as interesting, user-friendly, attractive, valuable, and supportive. Keywords—Phonic reading; Multisensory Approach; Interactive multimedia; Dyslexic children; Heuristic testing I. INTRODUCTION The first step to explore the world of knowledge is by actively engaging in reading books, magazines, articles, and other materials. Unfortunately, children with learning disabilities, especially dyslexia, usually have problems in word recognition, which could hinder their ability to read [1]. They are usually hampered by slow reading speed, omission of words [2], and inaccurate reading [3]. Consequently, it causes inferiority complex, loss of confidence and focus, and frustration among these children [2]. In order to provide improved learning conditions for dyslexic children, an appropriate reading tool that attracts and captivates their attention is required to support their learning process. It is very important to motivate and integrate them in an enjoyable learning process. Therefore, dyslexic children need extra support [4] in terms of learning strategy to develop their skills in reading. There are many learning strategies and their effectiveness differs depending on the children themselves. From the previous research, it is found that by using existing teaching methods (traditional methods), teachers cannot get much success in teaching dyslexic children [5]. It is known that multimedia plays an important role in teaching children with dyslexia [4]. In this study, the Multisensory Approach and multimedia elements [6], such as video, audio, animation, graphic, and image, are used. This research concentrates on designing and developing a reading tool called “Bijak Membaca” to assist dyslexic children in the reading process. The idea is to provide a better learning strategy by applying the Phonic Reading Technique in Malay language, blended with the Multisensory Approach. These learning strategies are implemented using multimedia technology that is specifically designed for dyslexics aged 7 to 8 years. The rest of this section is organized as follows: the second section discusses the background of this study, which includes the Phonic Reading Technique, Multisensory Approach, dyslexia and multimedia. In the next section, the focus is on implementation of learning strategies in “Bijak Membaca”. The paper ends with disclosing results and findings obtained from heuristic testing. II. BACKGROUND A. Phonic Reading Technique Phonic skill is one of the learning strategies that is suitable for those with learning disabilities, dyslexics in specific [7][2]. Phonic is defined as a system that emphasizes on letter-sound correspondences along with word-recognition activities [8]. Phonetic Approach is proven as a natural way in learning to read [9] and it is recommended by the National Reading Panel in US as one of the key features of reading instructions [10]. Phonic reading is a systematic approach that decodes letter-sound pronunciations [9] by breaking words into 978-1-4673-4617-7/12/$31.00 ©2012 IEEE2012 IEEE Colloquium on Humanities, Science & Engineering Research (CHUSER 2012), December 3-4, 2012, Kota Kinabalu,Sabah, Malaysia554
Here, you will find free phonics worksheets to assist in learning phonics rules for reading. These free worksheets are printable and designed to accommodate any lesson plan for reading that includes phonics. Conveniently organized by the skills covered, these worksheets come with answer keys. You may print the worksheets from either PDF or JPEG versions and provide them to your children or students.
TIPE mobil sedan besar dahulu masih menjadi pilihan utama setiap keluarga yang ingin memiliki mobil. Selain berkapasitas cukup besar, mobil ini dinilai tangguh untuk digunakan dalam jarak jauh. Di era 1980, ciri mobil keluarga melekat pada dua mobil keluarga yakni sedan besar Ford Costina. Tapi belakangan, popularitas mobil sedan semakin tergusur oleh mobil hatchback dan citycar. Dilansir harian  Daily Mail, Kamis 16 Februari 2012, kepopuleran mobil sedan telah tergantikan oleh mobil-mobil yang lebih kecil, seperti Volkswagen Golf atau Peugeot 207 atau sebaliknya, kendaraan lain yang lebih baik dalam menampung keluarga "Tiga...

... Studies from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development have shown that by using multisensory approach, children with learning disabilities can do " learn-to-read " better [12]. Furthermore, using various type of teaching tools that harnesses the sensory strength of dyslexic children does not only makes the learning process more productive and effective, but also makes the children stay focused for long durations [7]. For case study purpose, Puryakhasta, et al. [12] implemented multisensory approach by employing various technologies like touch screens, accelerometers, gyroscopes, voice recognition, and sound reproduction. ...
Jika anda penggemar menonton Film apalagi suka mendownload film online, ada baiknya anda menonton dan mendownload film favorit anda tidak menggunakan subtitle bahasa Indonesia. Usahakan dalam menonton dan download film favorit anda gunakan subtitle bahasa inggris. Ini berfungsi untuk melatih pendengaran anda dan membiasakan mendengar bahasa inggris. Dengan cara menonton dan mendengar Film menggunakan subtitle bahasa inggris anda terbiasa dan diharapkan mampu memahami percakapan yang akan anda lakukan.

Media ini juga merupakan media belajar yang interaktif, ananda dan orang tua akan menikmati proses belajar dengan cara yang menyenangkan, ananda akan ditanya huruf dan akan mendapatkan reward jika bisa menghafal/menyebutkannya. Proses "fun learning" ini yang akan menumbuhkan semangat dan minat belajar anak. proses belajarpun menjadi lengkap krn anak turut ikut serta dlm belajar dg menggunakan semua indra yg dimilikinya, mereka akan ditanggapi&menanggapi materi yg dipelajarinya, sehingga dapat menumbuhkan minat belajar dlm diri anak.


Banyak bahan-bahan rujukan yang mudah dilayari online dan percuma, bentuk aktiviti bersesuaian mengikut umur serta minat anak anda yang akan dapat membantu. Pastikan aktiviti yang dipilih adalah bagi tujuan anak anda belajar mengenali nama dan sebutan huruf dalam abjad sahaja dulu (bukan aktiviti rangkaian lagu-lagu ABC Phonics).  Sila layari laman-laman seperti contoh dibawah;
Around 5% of English speakers have a significant problem with learning to read words. Poor word readers are often trained to use letter‐sound rules to improve their reading skills. This training is commonly called phonics. Well over 100 studies have administered some form of phonics training to poor word readers. However, there are surprisingly few systematic reviews or meta‐analyses of these studies. The most well‐known review was done by the National Reading Panel (Ehri 2001) 12 years ago and needs updating. The most recent review (Suggate 2010) focused solely on children and did not include unpublished studies.
Kim Burnim: Phonics is taught in the early years because it is an important part of learning how to read. Most instruction typically occurs from kindergarten through second grade. In kindergarten, children should learn the sounds of individual letters, and in the first and second grades they should be learning more advanced principles of phonics, such as rules for short and long vowel sounds. But it’s important to keep in mind that children learn at different rates. Some children need very little phonics instruction; others need more. Some children are ready to start learning the sounds of the letters prior to kindergarten, and some children do best with more advanced phonics instruction all the way into third grade. And research has shown that older children who have difficulty reading can also benefit from phonics instruction—which shows just how important it is for children to learn phonics early on.
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