Tips lainnya (pengalaman saya diajari suami), untuk semua materi belajar anak yang akan saya sampaikan, saya kudu udah menguasai beberapa pelajaran kedepan, jadi misal nih, si anak ada di lesson 1, saya kudu udah ada di lesson 2, dst. Tapi lebih baik lagi, kalau kita udah lebih jauh dari si anak. Tapi seiring waktu, misal nih, nggak punya waktu, kita kan speed belajaranya lebih cepat tanggap, karena udah punya basic, jadi meski tadinya mulai dengan jarak 1 pelajaran, kita jadi bisa maju ke pelajaran yg lebih jauh dari si anak, dan hanya dengan modal ini aja, kita udah bisa mengajar si anak dengan sukses.
Koniks today are bred either in barns or open reserves and under human guidance. The Konik was bred for a larger shoulder height in past decades, to improve its value as a working horse. A more graceful appearance, especially of the head, was established, as well. Black and sorrel horses have been largely selected out, but still appear on occasion, as do white markings.[4] The simultaneous management of Koniks in both barns and reserves made it possible to compare the health and behaviour of the horses under different circumstances. For example, hoof diseases and hay allergies are more common in Koniks raised in barns than in reserves.[4]

Once students grasp the alphabet, and know the sound each letter represents they continue on to blend these letter-sound pairings together to read a word. They can then distinguish between similar sounds (e.g. “three,” “free,” and “tree), and phonics success is just around the corner. An effective homeschool phonics curriculum will involve frequent reinforcement and review of these skills.


Kebanyakan penulisan kata Bahasa Inggris berbeda dengan cara pengucapannya. Manfaat metode fonik ini adalah anak Anda bisa merangkai pengucapan kosakata Bahasa Inggris dengan baik dan benar berdasarkan bunyi yang telah dipelajari. Jika Anda terus menggunakan metode fonik ini, anak Anda bisa merangkai bunyi-bunyi huruf sampai si kecil dapat membaca kalimat dalam Bahasa Inggris. Berikan latihan membaca berupa kata-kata pilihan atau kalimat sederhana untuk melatih mereka membunyikan kata-kata atau kalimat tersebut. Lakukan secara rutin sampai anak Anda membaca dengan lancar.
In November 2010, a government white paper contained plans to train all primary school teachers in phonics.[38] In 2018, The Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Services and Skills (Ofsted), as part of its curriculum research has produced a YouTube video on Early Reading. It states "It is absolutely essential that every child master the phonic code as quickly as possible ... So, successful schools firstly teach phonics first, fast and furious." [39]

Ketika Anda pertama kali menemukan fosil itu kadang-kadang sulit untuk mengatakan apa jenis hewan itu milik. sekarang biasanya hanya sebagian dari hewan asli. Pada bagian ini Anda akan menemukan gambar fosil berbagai yang Anda juga mungkin suatu hari nanti menemukan. Cukup klik pada gambar dan tidak hanya akan Anda melihat lebih besar foto dari fosil tetapi Anda juga akan melihat apa hewan asli mungkin tampak seperti jutaan tahun yang lalu!


Semangat kerjasama. Kesadaran akan pentingnya kerjasama bisa sepenuhnya dipupuk lewat olahraga tim; hal ini khususnya sangat penting bagi banyak anak tunggal. Anak-anak bisa belajar cara bekerjasama dengan orang lain, cara menggunakan keunggulan mereka dalam kelompok, serta cara memaksimalkan kepentingan tim. Dalam latihan umum dan kompetisi olahraga, anak-anak bisa memahami bahwa kepentingan kelompok berada di atas kepentingan pribadi. Mereka tak boleh bersikap egois dan mengabaikan anggota kelompok, mereka harus tahu cara mematuhi pelatih, memahami cara bertanggungjawab dengan penuh keberanian, dan berani bertanya. Anak-anak dalam lingkungan olahraga seperti ini juga akan tumbuh menjadi anak yang tahu cara menghormati orang lain dan tahu cara mendapatkan rasa hormat dari orang lain.

Selamat pagiii 🙂 Sambil sarapan (abis nulis sarapanne wis mari) haha 😅 Saya sharing salah satu hal yang paling sering ditanyakan adalah seputar kompos dari sampah organik.   Untuk yang belum tahu untuk apa sih kompos itu? 1. Mengembalikan tanaman 🥗🌮🥙dan hewan 🐂🐔🐓🐣🐤🐥🐦🐰yang sudah menyelesaikan fungsinya pada ekosistem kembali ke tanah (bayangkan kalau semua tanaman […]
Kajian selanjutnya dalam latihan fonik perlu memperbaiki cara laporan prosedur pengagihan peserta kepada kumpulan dan bagaimana pengkaji memastikan peserta tidak tahu bahawa mereka dalam kumpulan ‘eksperimen’ atau kumpulan ‘kawalan.‘ Kajian juga perlu melaporkan dengan jelas tentang bagaimana pengkaji memastikan mereka yang mengukur kemajuan membaca kanak‐kanak tidak tahu samada mereka dalam kumpulan latihan fonik atau tidak.
[16] P. A. Patricia, and S. C. Loh. “Effect Of Clay Modeling Program on Reading Behavior of Children with Dyslexia : A Malaysian Case Study”, The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 20:3, pp 456-468, 2011. [17] S. Murphy. "Accessibility of Graphics in Technical Documentation for the Cognitive and Visually Impaired ", SIGDOC ’05 ACM, 6, 2005. [18] S. Z. Ahmad, S. A. Mustafar, H. M. Ekhsan, and S. S. Halim, “Write Perfect : An An Interactive Multimedia Writing Aid for Dyslexic Children”, in Proceeding of ASEAN Conference on Scientific and Social Science Research, 2011. [19] S. W. Ling and M. C. Yuen. "Implemention of Principles of Multimedia Design into Learning Objects : Audio Narration Perception.", IEEE, 2008. [20] S. C. Devaraj and S. Roslan. “Apa Itu Disleksia? Panduan Untuk Ibu Bapa & Guru”. Malaysia: PTS Professional, 2006. [21] J. Nielsen and R. Molich. "Heuristic Evaluation of User Interfaces" CHI 90’ Proceedings, ACM, 1990. 2012 IEEE Colloquium on Humanities, Science & Engineering Research (CHUSER 2012), December 3-4, 2012, Kota Kinabalu,Sabah, Malaysia559
Jaman suami pertama beli buku-buku ini yaitu 8 tahun lalu, belum ada versi audionya, jadi waktu itu saya yg kebetulan dah punya sedikit basic bahasa Inggris, karena kuliahnya di twinning program (lumayan bisa reading, writting, speaking bahasa Inggris secara fasih), dan tapi tetap aja plentat plentot belepotan nggak bersih bahasanya, jadi kudu super sabar belajar bersama anak-anak saya lagi, mulai dari lesson 1!! I’m serious! dan sembari mengajar, saya dikoreksi suami, mulai dari pengucapan yang benar, juga cari bahan belajar mandiri punya anak tk-sd (phonics for begginer), jaman dulu saya belum kenal you tube. Kalau sekarang lebih mudah lagi, karena banyak video belajar phonics. Tapi saran saya, stick with 1 modul dan tambahkan supplement yang bisa dimengerti si anak jika dia mengalami kesulitan belajar.
Seperti yang disebutkan sebelumnya, kartu flash sangat bagus, tetapi mereka mungkin tidak membantu jika anak Anda memiliki masalah fisik. Jika pengujian anak Anda menunjukkan masalah penglihatan, pendengaran, pemrosesan atau pembelajaran, pastikan untuk menindaklanjuti dengan rekomendasi yang diberikan oleh dokter, terapis, dan / atau guru anak Anda.
The National Research Council re-examined the question of how best to teach reading to children (among other questions in education) and in 1998 published the results in the Prevention of Reading Difficulties in Young Children.[21] The National Research Council's findings largely matched those of Adams. They concluded that phonics is a very effective way to teach children to read at the word level, more effective than what is known as the "embedded phonics" approach of whole language (where phonics was taught opportunistically in the context of literature). They found that phonics instruction must be systematic (following a sequence of increasingly challenging phonics patterns) and explicit (teaching students precisely how the patterns worked, e.g., "this is b, it stands for the /b/ sound").[22]
Once children can identify the names of each letter, they can begin learning the most common sounds represented by each of the 26 letters of the alphabet. ABCmouse.com’s collection of The Letter Songs A–Z will help children identify those sounds, as will the hundreds of other games and activities such as the Alphabet Bubble Burst game and the book Alphabet in the Park.

Kajian selanjutnya dalam latihan fonik perlu memperbaiki cara laporan prosedur pengagihan peserta kepada kumpulan dan bagaimana pengkaji memastikan peserta tidak tahu bahawa mereka dalam kumpulan ‘eksperimen’ atau kumpulan ‘kawalan.‘ Kajian juga perlu melaporkan dengan jelas tentang bagaimana pengkaji memastikan mereka yang mengukur kemajuan membaca kanak‐kanak tidak tahu samada mereka dalam kumpulan latihan fonik atau tidak. 									

We also did some activities instead of learning! Bukan hanya tahu membaca! Aktiviti yang dilakukan juga mampu meningkatkan fokus dalam pembelajaran dan mencungkil bakat anak2 kita! . . NAK LANCAR MEMBACA JOM DAFTARKAN ANAK ANDA SEKARANG DI PUSAT DHMK. TEMPOH PEMBELAJARAN SEAWAL 3BULAN TERBUKTI BERKESAN! . . 🎗SUKAR MEMBACA 🎗TIDAK MINAT PADA BUKU 🎗LEMAH DALAM MATA PELAJARAN 🎗MENGASINGKAN DIRI 🎗KURANG FOKUS BILA SESI PEMBELAJARAN 🎗TIADA DAYA SAING 🎗MENGANTUK DI DALAM KELAS . RISAU AKAN ANAK ANDA YANG MASIH TIDAK BOLEH MEMBACA KLIK CHAT KAMI SEKARAN, BIAR KAMI BANTU ANDA . HTTP://WWW.WASAP.MY/+60172330012/DHMK HTTP://WWW.WASAP.MY/+60172330012/DHMK HTTP://WWW.WASAP.MY/+60172330012/DHMK #pusatperkembanganminda #dhmk #slowlearner #study #pusatperkembangan #belajarmembaca #studygroup #maribelajar #pusattusyen #tuitionclass #pandaibelajar #pandaimembaca #pandaimenulis #masalahmembaca #caramudahmembaca #learningprocess #studygroup #dyslexia #autism #tadika #kelaspemulihan #kelasbelajarmembaca #bahasajiwabangsa #lancarmembaca #lancarmenulis #lemahmembaca #lemahmenulis #specialneed #specialneedschildren #ampang - 2 days ago
Figure 5. Drag and Drop Activity Lastly, the reading activity is designed to enforce the Phonic Reading Technique with the application of the Multisensory Approach. Children need to read the given passage and be guided with pre-recorded voice using the correct Phonic Reading Technique. Users have to link their voice, ears, and eyes to perform this activity. IV. RESULT & FINDING In order to evaluate the interface design and usability aspect of the application, Hueristic Evaluation is conducted. Heuristic Evaluation is an informal usability analysis and it is recommended to be done with between three and five evaluators to view the interface design and give their comments [21]. The evaluators should be experts in Human Computer Interaction (HCI) and other similar project areas. For this study, this evaluation is performed by multimedia lecturers from the Computer Science Department and IT undergraduates who are pursuing a course in HCI (Multimedia). The reason of choosing those students as evaluators is to acquire their feedbacks and comments based on their theoretical and practical knowledge in HCI.Their task is to look into the adaptation of learning strategies and multimedia content in “Bijak Membaca”. They are given a set of questionnaires that consists of five sections. The criteria that need to be evaluated are i) content and structure (adaptation of phonic reading and Multisensory Approach), ii) interface design, sound, navigation (multimedia elements), and iii) general feedback about the application. The scale used is from 1 to 5. Table 1 shows the scale with the description that is included in the questionnaires. TABLE 1: RANK OF ANSWERS Rank Value Strongly Agree 5 Agree 4 Neutral 3 Disagree 2 Strongly Disagree 1 Figure 6 shows the result of the Heuristic Evaluation based on the content and feedback on structure. The result shows that most of the evaluators agree that this application is well designed with understandable content (mean=4.67) and reading technique (mean= 4.5), and suitable multisensory activities (mean=4.83). Figure 6. Result of Heuristic Evaluation on Content and Structure Based on the feedback shown in Figure 7, multimedia elements are designed and integrated very well as most of them agree with the interface design (mean=4.67), sound (mean=4.73), and navigation (mean=4.1) of the application. Figure 7. Result of Heuristic Evaluation on Multimedia Interactivity General feedback results (refer to Figure 8) obtained from this evaluation show that “Bijak Membaca” is accepted as an interesting (mean=4.33), user-friendly (mean=4.00), and attractive (mean=4.33) tool. It is also evaluated as valuable (mean=4.67) and supportive (mean=4.67). 2012 IEEE Colloquium on Humanities, Science & Engineering Research (CHUSER 2012), December 3-4, 2012, Kota Kinabalu,Sabah, Malaysia557
During the late 1990s the whole language approach gained popularity in Portugal, but in a non-explicit form. Emphasis was placed on meaning, reading for pleasure, and developing a critical approach to the texts. Explicit phonemic awareness and explicit training for reading fluency were considered outdated by some teachers' organizations[62]. Poor results in international comparisons led parents and schools to react to this approach and to insist on direct instruction methods. Later, during minister Nuno Crato’s tenure (2011-2015), who is known to be a vocal critic of constructivist approaches and a supporter of cognitive psychology findings, new standards ("metas") were put in place[63]. The ministry convened a team led by a well-known specialist in reading, José Morais[64]. This team introduced an explicit phonics teaching approach, put emphasis on decoding and reading fluency.

Indeed our heart turns Can't wait to start reading those if I will be allowed too 🤔 because it's honey's books and I only allowed to read when my priorities and duties are done Don't get me wrong When our plates are full, how are we accepting more before making space for it? Just like to make space in my time and priorities so I can read these books, I also need to make space to make a change otherwise change won't take place because it will spill all over the place #bersiapramadan #bookslover #willreadsoon

R-controlled syllables include those wherein a vowel followed by an r has a different sound from its regular pattern. For example, a word like car should have the pattern of a "closed syllable" because it has one vowel and ends in a consonant. However, the a in car does not have its regular "short" sound (/æ/ as in cat) because it is controlled by the r. The r changes the sound of the vowel that precedes it. Other examples include: park, horn, her, bird, and burn.

corresponding sounds. Compared to the Syllable Spelling Technique, in phonic reading children just need to remember 26 letters (a – z) and its sound [9]. There are two different categories of phonemes, vowels (a, e, i, o, u) with different pronunciations of “e” known as “e pepet”(/e) and “e taling” (/Ɲ), and also consonants (p, t, k, b, d, g, c, j, s, h, 1, r, m, n,  , ƾ , w, y/) [11]. They are not forced to remember all the different syllables that definitely will put some burden on the children, especially dyslexics. For example, in the Malay language ‘a’ is pronounced as “aaa” and ‘b’ is pronounced as “beh”. Combinations of these letters is called a syllable and pronounced as “beh - aaa - ba”. Previous researches show that the Phonic Reading Technique that emphasizes on letter-sound, is proven to improve reading skill [10] [12]. B. Multisensory Approach There are two ways to teach dyslexics, either by using the traditional teaching approach or Multisensory Teaching Approach. The traditional method is not effective for dyslexic children [13] as they need to stay focused on the information that is being given to them [7]. Unable to stay focused for long durations [2] and having short term memory problems [7][13] are major contributors to the ineffectiveness of traditional methods. A better approach to teach dyslexics is by applying the Multisensory Method in the teaching and learning process by teachers [7] as it consists of strings of multisensory strategies (linking of eyes, ears, voice, and hand movements) [6]. The Multisensory Method is proven to be an effective method to teach dyslexic children as they seem to interact with teaching tools and apply extra creativity towards their learning contents [6]. The strength of the Multisensory Approach lies in its ability to attract dyslexics’ attention, as they usually have problems staying focused during the learning process [7]. C. Dyslexia People who have different categories of disabilities can be classified into a few specific groups such as dyslexia, dyscalculia, and dyspraxics [1][2][4]. These types of syndromes have similar problems such as difficulty in speaking, writing, language problems, arithmetic confusion [6][14][15], emotional, and behavioral disorder [1][5][4]. Dyslexia is a specific learning difficulty and a disability [7][16] that is faced by a person. They show symptoms of difficulties such as in reading, writing, listening, and speaking [1][15][17], which can cause inferiority complex among dyslexics, especially children. Generally, dyslexics’ characteristics are different from one child to another and characterized by unusual balance of skills [2]. However, they are always being referred to the cluster of symptoms like having difficulties with specific learning skills, mostly reading [13]. According to related literature, this syndrome is recognized as specific learning disabilities associated to the neurological system that cover a wide range of reading difficulties, [6] but does not imply low intelligence or poor educational potential. It is shown that dyslexia is related to learning disabilities only [2]. Therefore, based on the above definitions, dyslexia can be concluded as specific learning disabilities such as reading, writing, speaking, and listening that might occur in early age. Dyslexics need support and more attention from people around them to encourage them so that they can live like other people. D. Interactive Multimedia Multimedia as an interactive application can help dyslexics to reduce their weaknesses by focusing on their limitations and also on their potentials [18]. It is more concise and clear; and helps them out from their problems. Multimedia consists of interactive elements that are usually used to attract viewers. There are several combinations of multimedia such as text, audio, video, graphic, and interactive content. It can play the role of a secondary learning tool to enhance understanding among children and interest in their learning process. Multimedia has the potential to reduce or remove most of the problems that are faced by dyslexics because it uses interactive multimedia elements such as graphics and auditory devices for development [7]. Besides, multimedia can be a teaching computer [8] because it creates a fun learning environment for dyslexics. The elements used in multimedia application such as text, color, images, audios, video, animation, and graphics can attract children to stay focused and have fun during the learning session. In addition, it is also used on the concept of teaching and understanding for dyslexics [4][19]. This may contribute to improvement in their learning process by providing extrinsic motivation for task completion and also help to increase motivation [4]. III. IMPLEMENTATION OF LEARNING STRATEGIES IN “BIJAK MEMBACA” The main focus in this section is to discuss the implementation of the reading technique and learning approach using the interactive multimedia application, “Bijak Membaca”. The design of “Bijak Membaca” is shown in Figure 1, which refers to the content of the application. Basically, “Bijak Membaca” consists of two main modules; i) “Tutorial” and ii) “Aktiviti”. In the first module, there are four sub-modules, which comprise “Huruf”, “Suku Kata”, “Perkataan”, and “Ayat”. Interactive activity is the main focus in the second module that consists of “Latihan Suai”, “Latihan Sebut”, and “Latihan Baca”. 2012 IEEE Colloquium on Humanities, Science & Engineering Research (CHUSER 2012), December 3-4, 2012, Kota Kinabalu,Sabah, Malaysia555
Recently, the National Reading Panel, composed of experts in the field of literacy, was asked by the United States Congress to examine the research on the teaching of reading. A subgroup of the National Reading Panel reviewed 38 studies to determine what the research says about the teaching of phonics. To ensure the soundness of its findings, the National Reading Panel chose to review only studies that met rigorous criteria for research studies.

In the reading skills pyramid, a visual illustration of the process kids go through when learning to read, phonics follows closely behind phonemic awareness. Once children understand that letters have associated sounds, they begin to make relationships between those sounds and spelling. This is the skill that helps beginning readers decode — or sound out — new words. The key elements of reading are:
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