Kim Burnim: Phonics is taught in the early years because it is an important part of learning how to read. Most instruction typically occurs from kindergarten through second grade. In kindergarten, children should learn the sounds of individual letters, and in the first and second grades they should be learning more advanced principles of phonics, such as rules for short and long vowel sounds. But it’s important to keep in mind that children learn at different rates. Some children need very little phonics instruction; others need more. Some children are ready to start learning the sounds of the letters prior to kindergarten, and some children do best with more advanced phonics instruction all the way into third grade. And research has shown that older children who have difficulty reading can also benefit from phonics instruction—which shows just how important it is for children to learn phonics early on.
Kim Burnim: Of course. The letter c, for example, sometimes stands for the same sound as the letter k, as in the word “cat,” and sometimes stands for the same sound as the letter s, as in the word “city.” The most common sound for the letter c is the “k” sound, so that’s what we teach children first. Another example is the letter a—sometimes it represents the short a sound, as in the word “cap,” and sometimes it represents the long a sound, as in the word cape. We usually teach the short a sound first, because that’s more common, and then teach the long a sound later on.
Analogy phonics is a particular type of analytic phonics in which the teacher has students analyze phonic elements according to the phonogrammes in the word. A phonogramme, known in linguistics as a rime, is composed of the vowel and all the sounds that follow it in the syllable. Teachers using the analogy method assist students in memorising a bank of phonogrammes, such as -at or -am. Teachers may use learning "word families" when teaching about phonogrammes. Students then use these phonogrammes.
Later, international evaluations TIMSS and PISA showed a sharp improvement in all areas, namely literacy, from 2011/2012 to 2015, Portuguese students results raised to above OECD and IEA averages, attaining the best results ever for Portugal. A few analysts[65] explain these advances by some of the educational measures then put in place: the development of more demanding curricula, the emphasis on direct teaching, and explicit fluency training in reading and mathematics.
BELAJAR MEMBACA ITU ADA TAHAPANNYA LHO BUN.. Bunda, pernah bingung ngajari anak belajar membaca?? Sudah diulang-ulang tapi lupa lagi, lupa lagi?? Bikin pusing bunda yang ngajari ya.. Padahal kemampuan MEMBACA itu sangat penting. Kan membaca itu merupakan jendela dunia. Setuju?? Tapi bunda ga perlu khawatir. Gak perlu risau jika menemui kendala dalam mendampingi anak belajar membaca. Karena belajar membaca itu memang ada tahapan-tahapan yang harus dilalui. Semuanya butuh proses dan ada tahapan-tahapannya. Tidak bisa anak begitu diberi buku langsung bisa membaca. Atau begitu dibacakan cerita anak langsung bisa membaca. Karena membaca merupakan ketrampilan yang memerlukan latihan. Beberapa tahapan belajar membaca : 1. Mengenal nama huruf (sebagian ada yg menggunakan metode kenal suku kata dulu) 2. Memahami ilmu fonik (bunyi huruf jika bertemu dengan 1 huruf lainnya) seperti ba, ca, fa, ga 3. Memahami cara membaca kata sederhana seperti ka-la, sa-ma dll 4. Memahami cara membaca kalimat sederhana dengan terpatah-patah 5. Bisa memahami cara membaca huruf berakhiran konsonan 6. Mampu membaca kata yang lebih kompleks 7. Dapat membaca kalimat yg lebih kompleks gabungan akhiran konsonan dan vokal secara pelan2. Contoh rubah lari, susu enak, gerak gerik, dll. 8. Bisa membaca cerita sederhana secara terpatah2 (belum lancar). 9. Membaca cerita sederhana secara lancar, tapi belum bisa memahami makna yg dibacanya. 10. Memahami cerita yg dibacanya dg baik. Untuk mengiringi tahapan perkembangan membaca pada anak, Abaca Flash Card merupakan solusi yang tepat. Di dalam Abaca Flash Card memiliki keteraturan pola yang mudah diingat oleh anak dalam belajar membaca. Selain itu terdapat pula permainan yang bagus, bersifat interaktif, melibatkan banyak indra serta mampu mengembangkan imajinasi anak. Itulah sebabnya penting untuk menggunakan Abaca Flash Card sebagai media belajar tahap awal sebelum menggunakan buku. Media Abaca Flash Card cocok untuk digunakan karena sangat ramah untuk otak anak dan tentu saja memahami kebutuhan serta perkembangan anak-anak. Tunggu apalagi Bunda,,, Yuk dampingi tahapan belajar membaca ananda dengan media yang berkualitas. Apalagi kalau buka
Figure 5. Drag and Drop Activity Lastly, the reading activity is designed to enforce the Phonic Reading Technique with the application of the Multisensory Approach. Children need to read the given passage and be guided with pre-recorded voice using the correct Phonic Reading Technique. Users have to link their voice, ears, and eyes to perform this activity. IV. RESULT & FINDING In order to evaluate the interface design and usability aspect of the application, Hueristic Evaluation is conducted. Heuristic Evaluation is an informal usability analysis and it is recommended to be done with between three and five evaluators to view the interface design and give their comments [21]. The evaluators should be experts in Human Computer Interaction (HCI) and other similar project areas. For this study, this evaluation is performed by multimedia lecturers from the Computer Science Department and IT undergraduates who are pursuing a course in HCI (Multimedia). The reason of choosing those students as evaluators is to acquire their feedbacks and comments based on their theoretical and practical knowledge in HCI.Their task is to look into the adaptation of learning strategies and multimedia content in “Bijak Membaca”. They are given a set of questionnaires that consists of five sections. The criteria that need to be evaluated are i) content and structure (adaptation of phonic reading and Multisensory Approach), ii) interface design, sound, navigation (multimedia elements), and iii) general feedback about the application. The scale used is from 1 to 5. Table 1 shows the scale with the description that is included in the questionnaires. TABLE 1: RANK OF ANSWERS Rank Value Strongly Agree 5 Agree 4 Neutral 3 Disagree 2 Strongly Disagree 1 Figure 6 shows the result of the Heuristic Evaluation based on the content and feedback on structure. The result shows that most of the evaluators agree that this application is well designed with understandable content (mean=4.67) and reading technique (mean= 4.5), and suitable multisensory activities (mean=4.83). Figure 6. Result of Heuristic Evaluation on Content and Structure Based on the feedback shown in Figure 7, multimedia elements are designed and integrated very well as most of them agree with the interface design (mean=4.67), sound (mean=4.73), and navigation (mean=4.1) of the application. Figure 7. Result of Heuristic Evaluation on Multimedia Interactivity General feedback results (refer to Figure 8) obtained from this evaluation show that “Bijak Membaca” is accepted as an interesting (mean=4.33), user-friendly (mean=4.00), and attractive (mean=4.33) tool. It is also evaluated as valuable (mean=4.67) and supportive (mean=4.67). 2012 IEEE Colloquium on Humanities, Science & Engineering Research (CHUSER 2012), December 3-4, 2012, Kota Kinabalu,Sabah, Malaysia557

Koniks today are bred either in barns or open reserves and under human guidance. The Konik was bred for a larger shoulder height in past decades, to improve its value as a working horse. A more graceful appearance, especially of the head, was established, as well. Black and sorrel horses have been largely selected out, but still appear on occasion, as do white markings.[4] The simultaneous management of Koniks in both barns and reserves made it possible to compare the health and behaviour of the horses under different circumstances. For example, hoof diseases and hay allergies are more common in Koniks raised in barns than in reserves.[4]
Tanpa memiliki pengetahuan tentang bagaimana huruf-huruf dalam suatu kata diucapkan, anak-anak akan mengalami kesulitan dalam mengenal dan mengingat kata, sehingga mereka cenderung mendapat masalah besar dalam membaca dan menulis. Dengan menguasai phonics, anak-anak dapat dengan mudah memahami isi wacana, menulis berbagai bentuk tulisan, termasuk membuat puisi dengan kata-kata berima yang tepat.
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